The excessive production of melanin causes hyperpigmentation. In skin cells known as melanocytes, a pigment known as melanin is generated, which is responsible for the color of the skin. Listed below are a few of the many possible contributing factors:
Some of the medical diseases that might cause hyperpigmentation are as follows:
Darkening of the skin that is more noticeable than the surrounding areas:
Although hyperpigmentation is not harmful, it may indicate another medical disease.
Additionally, hyperpigmentation can manifest itself in a variety of ways. The most frequently encountered are as follows:
However, hyperpigmentation is a condition that can be identified and treated in various ways.
A dermatologist can assist you in determining the reason for your hyperpigmentation. They will take a medical history and perform a physical examination to ascertain the cause. Moreover, a skin biopsy may help narrow down the defense in some circumstances.
Furthermore, you can treat certain types of hyperpigmentation can with topical prescription medicine. Typically, this prescription contains hydroquinone, a bleaching agent.
However, chronic use of topical hydroquinone (without interruptions) might result in skin darkening, called ochronosis. Therefore, it is better to use topical hydroquinone under the supervision of a dermatologist who can instruct you on how to use the medication safely and effectively.
Additionally, topical retinoids aid in lightening dark patches on the skin.
However, these drugs take several months to work their way through dark areas.
Occasionally, at-home therapy may involve over-the-counter drugs that might help lighten dark patches. These over-the-counter drugs contain less hydroquinone than prescription medications.
Include sunscreen in in-home care. Sunscreen is the single most essential component in resolving most hyperpigmentation-related conditions. Keep an eye out for:
Furthermore, dermatologists recommend using sunscreen daily. Reapply it every two hours if you are in direct sunlight – more frequently, you’re sweating or swimming.
Additionally, there are skin conditions in which visible light may contribute to the perpetuation of hyperpigmentation, such as melasma.
For instance, seek out a mineral sunscreen that contains iron oxide, which can block some visible light. Daily use. Furthermore, wear sun-protective clothes fortified with SPF.
Additionally, online shopping for apparel is fortified with SPF.
Depending on the causes of your hyperpigmentation, your doctor may also recommend laser treatment or chemical peels to help minimize it.